GUSTAV AULÉN AND CHRISTUS VICTOR. In recent years, the theory of atonement known as Christus Victor (“Christ the victor”) has been both championed. The term Christus Victor comes from the title of Gustaf Aulén’s groundbreaking book 1st published in ’31 which drew attention to early Church understanding of. Gustaf Aulen’s classic work, ‘Christus Victor’, has long been a standard text on the atonement. Aulen applies “history of ideas’ methodology to historical theology.

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Technically, I don’t own it: As Marcus Borg writes, “for [the Christus Victor] view, the domination system, understood as cgristus much larger than the Roman governor and the temple aristocracy, is responsible for the death of Jesus… The domination system killed Jesus and thereby disclosed its moral bankruptcy and ultimate defeat.

Aulen was victoe prominent theologian in the early s, and this short book is one of his most well-known works, and for good reason! God is unable to justly forgive without satisfying the Law’s demands and since only a man can fulfill man’s obligations to the Law, Christ must become a man in order to keep the Law perfectly and then suffer the punishment intended for us at the hands of his Father.

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But atoning sacrifice preceded human civilization, as God killed an animal to clothe Adam chrisuts Eve before the exile Gen. As an historical overview, Christus Victor clearly shows that this tradition emerged from what Aulen calls th This classic work of theology is indispensable reading for anyone who grew up in the Western church tradition.

For Adam had become the devil’s possession, and the devil held him under his power, by having wrongfully practised deceit upon him, and by the offer of immortality made him subject to death. Is not “‘being able to die’ subject to sacrifice” the birth of human subject prior to, beyond, or otherwise than being? His argument from the Chrisstus particularly of Sts. Megan rated it it was amazing Mar 02, To understand the older notions one might consider the sociological bases of them.

Atonement is an act of God offered to human, not human offering it to God, through which God reconciles the world to Himself. Anyone who wants to think about the atonement should read this book.

What is the Trinity? He ends with saying that “The images are but popular helps for the understanding of the idea, It is the Idea itself which chrkstus primary”, which almost convinces me that C.

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He argues that a proper understanding of their view is not concerned with the payment of ransom to the devil, but with the motif of the liberation of humanity from the bondage of sin, death, and the devil.

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Christus Victor

A 3rd is the “subjective” theory, commonly known as the Moral Influence view, that Christ’s passion was an act of exemplary obedience christuw affects the intentions of those who come to know about it. Rather, Aulen argues that the “classic” understanding of atonement Christ’s victory over sin and death has the strongest historical precedent. It is definitely not for beginners. Though this point rests on the perhaps overemphasised distinction between God’s work from above versus that from below, I am convinced that the Latin view of the atonement does not inevitable conclude with satisfaction being the work of man offered to God.

For an excellent review of this book, I recommend the one by George Evenson. We do that all the time even though it’s not currently fashionable to admit to it. However, once you make it through the first couple of chapters, it gets easier to read. You can read this item using any of the following Kobo apps and devices: I obtained this book in New York.

Starting with Irenaeus early 2nd century as one of the earliest and clearest examples of the ‘classic idea’ “The Word of God, who is God Himself, has entered in under the conditions of sin and death, to take up the conflict with the powers of evil and carry it through to the decisive victory.

As an historical chrixtus, Christus Victor clearly shows that this tradition emerged from what Aulen calls the “Latin” understanding of atonement, which wasn’t clearly articulated until around years into the church’s existence!

Christus Victor, Christ is victorious over the powers of sin ahlen death forever!

Any Protestant or Roman Christian will be challenged by this view of atonement. Aulen applies “history of ideas’ methodology to historical theology in tracing the development of three views of the atonement. Another exception to this linear progression is Tertullian, who along with Gregory the Great, started the motif of the judicial or legalistic view of atonement, which was later picked up and fully developed by Anselm of Canterbury, thus consolidating the view for the whole medieval period.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. That may be a powerful motivating force and understandablybut I believe the primary motivating force behind the view is Scripture itself, and the desire to be faithful to Scripture.

The subjective view of atonement is championed by Schleiermacher in the 19th century and, wittingly or not, still dominates to the present day, including the American Evangelicals such as Billy Graham. Jun 04, Donald Linnemeyer rated it really liked it Shelves: Aulen’s book was a much-needed elucidation for me. After all, Barth had completely revised his commentary on the Epistle to the Romanswhich was published in the second edition ; and his work on the Church Dogmatics only began sometime between at Bonn where he held a short tenure as Professor of Systematic Theology before taking a post in Basel, Switzerland.


The judicial view is later further rationalized by the Protestant Orthodox, including Calvin despite their protest against the medieval Catholicism. Solid overview of atonement theology.

Christus Victor by Gustaf Aulén

Human Violence, Discipleship and God”, traces the further development of the Christus Victor theory or as he calls it “Narrative Christus Victor” into the liberation theology of South America, as well as feminist and black theologies of liberation.

For Us and for Our Salvation. But the books merits include the fact that it finally back in 19 This is certainly an important book but I think it is flawed on several accounts. But for now, and here, I will merely outline a few of the weaknesses I perceived in the argument, in no specific order: According to Aulen, however, there is another type of atonement doctrine in which Christ overcomes the hostile powers that hold humanity in subjection, at the same time that God in Christ reconciles the world to Himself.

Christus Victor – New World Encyclopedia

History of “Christus Victor” Note: The Heart of Christianity. Jul 05, Judah Ivy rated it really liked it Shelves: This is followed by the natural emphasis of Christus Victor: This book is strictly an historical study; it contains no personal statement of vicyor or theory of the Atonement. Aulen helped us recover the patriots and Luther’s view. This view, Aulen claims, inserts an opposition victro the Divine relationship that does not exist in Christus Victor, and maintains a legal emphasis that is cchristus in Early church thought.

Any theories we build up as to how Christ’s death did all this are, in my view, quite secondary: How else could the death of Christ deliver men from the wrath of God and overcome of the powers? Selected pages Title Page.

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