Ecological sanitation, commonly abbreviated as ecosan is an approach to sanitation provision For this reason, the term “ecosan toilet” is widely used when people mean a UDDT. However, the ecosan concept should not be limited to one. Introduction: The ECOSAN Toilet is a waterless, dehydration / evaporation system that provides a safe, non-polluting and cost effective solution for areas where. The technical manual for constructing EcoSan toilet was a team effort. We want to take this opportunity to extend our sincere thanks to all the people who made.

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Using the EcoSan toilet – Resources • SuSanA

Uno Winblad, Mayling Ecosan Australia Are you from Australia and need more information? The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. The recovery goilets use of urine and feces in “dry sanitation systems”, i. Closing the Loop – Ecological sanitation for food security. However, the publication of the WHO Guidelines on Reuse, with its multiple barrier concept, has gone a long way in establishing a common framework for safe reuse.

Catalogue, in English but also very well illustrated with drawings, of the existing types of low cost latrines, pits, slabs and superstructures, available at: Closing the loop ecological sanitation for food security. As for other types of latrine see Fact Goilets A5 “Latrines-General points” one or two pits are required but in this case above ground and with a smaller volume ecoean time often less than a yearwhich accounts for their toildts being referred to as compartments, which makes it easier to empty them and avoids the pollution of ground water.


Worldwide list of documented ecosan projects by various organisations. The definition of ecosan is focusing on the health, environment and resource aspect of sustainable sanitation.

Ecological sanitation

Ecological Sanitation in Chinese. European cities were rapidly urbanizing and sanitation was becoming an increasingly serious problem, whilst at the same time the cities themselves were becoming an increasingly important source of agricultural nutrients.

The most common technology used in ecosan systems is the urine-diverting dry toiletbut ecosan systems can also use other technologies, such as vacuum toilets coupled with biogas plants, constructed wetlandscomposting toilets and so forth.

Impacts on Yield Quality”. They manufacture a wide range of products including large chemical and water storage tanks. Places or contexts in which this means appears to be the best suited – These latrines are well suited to rural or suburban areasbut are now also used in towns.

The Romansfor example, were aware of the bleaching attribute of the ammonia within urine and used it to whiten clothing.

We will implemented this functionality within the next few weeks. Click here to sent them any Aus queries that you may have. This can be done in a workshop using moulds.

Using the EcoSan toilet

The ecosan approach has been criticised for being overly focused on reuse in agriculture, whilst neglecting some of the other criteria for sustainable sanitation. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. But for squatting use of the latrine, this separation can be made directly on a slab with two larger holes, one of which is made toilet a bucket, with a volume of say 10 litres, made of reinforced plastic or concrete, mounted at an angle under the slab to recover the urine.

Dry type latrines, which thus work without water, the most ecological of which separate urine from faeces allowing waste to be recycled by turning them into compost excreta or liquid fertiliser urine which can be used to fertilise soil or crops.


Since then the ecosan theme has toilrts integrated into other WASH conferences, and separate large ecosan conferences have no longer been organised. Photo by WaterAid d Urine use It is generally considered that: Ina widely accepted definition of ecosan was formulated by Swedish experts: No obnoxious odours Indoor or outdoor installation Minimum monthly operating costs Plumbing-free solution.

The safety of ecosan systems in terms of pathogen destruction during the various treatment processes is a continuous topic of debate between proponents and opponents of ecosan toilest. Over a period of a few weeks it dries out the human waste into a completely dry waste product that is safer to handle and easily disposable.

The population placed the sweepings in special boats moored at docks around the city. However, the most renowned example of the organised collection and use of human excreta to support food production is that of China. Examples of ecosan projects worldwide can be found in a list published by GIZ inas well as in those case studies published by the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance that are focused on reuse activities. Birth control Family planning Control Overpopulation Zero growth.

In fact, ecosan systems can be “unsustainable”, for example, if there is too little user acceptance or if the costs of the system are too high for a given target group of users, making the system financially unsustainable in the longer term.

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