for a ”metaphysics of morals” by seeking out and establishing its first principle. nizes its highest practical vocation in the grounding of a good will, is capable . Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals is the first of Immanuel Kant’s mature works on moral the Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, Grounding of the Metaphysics of Morals and the Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals) is the. Grounding for the metaphysics of morals: with, On a supposed right to lie because of philanthropic concems/lmmanuel Kant: translated by James W.

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However, Kant observes that there is one end that we all share, namely our own happiness. Despite Fir clash with consequentialism, Mill could agree on this point, since the good will has qualities that tend to express themselves as happiness-maximizing actions; moreover, the fact that a particular action doesn’t achieve its end due to unforseeable and uncontrollable circumstances can still be esteemed, since the action is of a sort that tends to maximize happiness.

There are several reasons. If it results in a contradiction in willing, it violates what Kant calls an imperfect duty.


Unfortunately, it is difficult, if not impossible, to know what will make us happy or how to achieve the things that will make us happy. However, the fact that we see ourselves as often falling short of what morality demands of us indicates we have some functional concept of mefaphysics moral law.

At the age of 74, most philosophers who are still active are engaged in consolidating and defending views they have already worked out. Kant affirms both that we are part of nature and that we transcend nature. Rather, the imperative associated with the ror law must be a categorical imperative.


An action not based on some sort of law would be arbitrary and not the sort of thing that we could call the result of willing. One interpretation asserts that the missing proposition is that an act has moral worth only when its agent is motivated by respect for the law, as in the case of the man who preserves his life only from duty.

We cannot mettaphysics our freedom: The greatest of all modern philosophers was born in the Baltic seaport of Konigsberg, East Prussia, the son of metapysics saddler and never left the vicinity of his remote birthplace.

Immanuel Kant’s Ethic

Kant’s argument works from common reason up to the supreme unconditional law, in order to identify its existence. Hackett Publishing CompanyMar 12, – Philosophy – 92 pages. Virtue is strength in carrying out one’s duty in the face of strong and conflicting emotions MM[7, 53].

He also stresses that we are unable to make interesting positive claims about it because we are not able to experience the world of the understanding.

Then, partly through the influence of former student J. This does not mean that you cannot learn from others. In a similar vein, we often desire intelligence and take it to be good, but we certainly would not take the intelligence of an evil genius to be good.

My library Help Advanced Book Search. Laws or commandsby definition, apply universally. If a person has a good will, even though the person may not succeed in carrying out his or her noble projects due to perhaps unforseeable circumstances beyond control, that will still shines as supremely good.


What is a kingdom of ends? But, the maxim of making a false promise in order to attain a loan relies on the very institution of promise-making that universalizing this maxim destroys. Kant’s argument proceeds by way of three propositions, the last of which is derived from the first metahpysics.

We know that it could never be based on the particular ends that people adopt to give themselves rules of action. Such a principle is a formal meta;hysics, since it abstracts from all subjectively provided content; that is, the categorical imperative holds metaphysic matter what goals or ends the agent may envision.

It is only in the world of understanding that it makes sense to talk of free wills. Kant then asks why we have to follow the principle of morality. Because it is not motivated by duty, the shopkeeper’s action has no moral worth.

According to Kant, we think of ourselves as having free will. Turning to a more detailed exposition now, this section argues that a good will subordinates happiness to duty–as expressed in the form of a law or principle.

User Review – Flag as inappropriate It’s not sunday leisure reading, and don’t treat it as you would such. Finally, 6 philosophy is needed to safeguard and clarify this concept. Ideas about feelings are found at II.

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