False yam tuber (Icacina oliviformis) extract has been shown to have some toxic compounds that need to be investigated to find its effect on. Common Name:False yam. Description. The Icacinaceae are a family of flowering plants, consisting of trees, shrubs, and lianas, primarily of the tropics. False yam (Icacina oliviformis syn. Icacina senegalensis) is a drought-resistant plant in West and Central Africa that produces a large tuber with.
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The fruits, for instance, are widely enjoyed during the annual harvesting season. Skip to content Common Name: It is remarkable for yielding three fundamentally different types of food: Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book.
In better times, however, icacina can save lives too. The seed, after processing, yields a tasty The plant grows both in and nutritious flour, as does the tuber. Its enormous tuber and penetrating roots makes it difficult to eradicate.
7 ICACINA | Lost Crops of Africa: Volume III: Fruits | The National Academies Press
Seeds are normally boiled and eaten directly, but can also be redried for further storage or pounded into powder like cassava or sorghum. Permission Reusing this file. Plants can grow so densely and yield so exuberantly that a family can sometimes collect several hundred kilos of fruits a day even from untended wild stands. Nonetheless, there appear to be three locales of especial abundance: It deserves organized testing in dry zones in various parts of Africa to see how it survives within and beyond its current range.
The pieces are afterwards dried, pounded, and strained to remove fibers. Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available. Icqcina in those areas where it is abundant collections have been scanty, and it likely occurs in many more areas than are now described.
Though always the forest at least along popular, icacina can take on crucial importance during times of famine. In the exploration of this possibility lie fascinating challenges to researchers, entrepreneurs, and other pioneer movers and shakers.
Icacina is a prime example of how the world misses out on icxcina woody resources merely because they have branches where they should have trunks. In part, this resource has also suffered because it is a shrub. The usable portion is about 80 percent starch and a crucial resource during famines. Nonetheless, it could be produced in far greater amounts. I, the copyright holder olivlformis this work, hereby publish it under the following license:.
It is also easy to harvest because the bush seldom exceeds 80 cm in height and bears its fruits near the outside, where they can be reached without difficulty. Icacina claesensi Called kukbukumbu in Congo.
Looking for other ways to read this? The tubers show considerable variation in size, ranging up to cm in length, with a diameter of about 30 cm. Although an especially hardy life form, shrubs are generally neglected in development activities.
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Owing to their size and the fact that they can penetrate far below the surface, they are difficult to dig olivifoormis. In the northern parts of the Central African Republic, for instance, hordes of people each year mount expeditions to collect the fruits and keep themselves fed during the few most-threatening weeks when little else is on hand in the villages. People leave them underground until absolutely needed.
Moreover, better methods of handling the tubers are also needed. Even in the wild, it grows in a natural monoculture; pure stands with over plants per hectare have been recorded. Any improvement, no matter how modest, could thus have a satisfying impact. This rugged shrub is the traditional emergency reserve for use in the absolute worst of times when even pearl millet succumbs. In addition, analytical chemists need to check samples for micronutrients, protein quality, and fatty acids making up the seed oil.
If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Although the plant is ciacina unknown to agronomists, horticulturists, or even the technical literature, several million people rely at various times upon its three different products: The third edible product is a fleshy, tuberous root.
However, extension services could also develop ways to increase the size and density and productivity of the wild stands. It is also softened into an edible paste by the addition of boiling water.
File:Icacina senegalensis MS 4743.JPG
The tuber is cut up and leached in running water to remove toxic elements and facilitate maceration. This would help provide the ultimate in food security, not only filling bellies down the decades but also helping save the populace when disastrous droughts arise.
The book assesses the potential of each fruit to help overcome malnutrition, boost food security, foster rural development, and create sustainable landcare in Africa.
Even though scientists may not know much about this plant, rural peoples know a lot. Based on feedback from you, our users, we’ve made some improvements that make it easier than ever to icaccina thousands of publications on our website.
Investigations should be undertaken to assess the promise and pitfalls of 7 Extracts from some species have been shown to induce sleepiness and reduce pain in rodent studies Asuzu, I. Login or Register to save!