Before beginning his work Kounin felt that most people thought that instruction and disciple were two separate entities. Instruction, the skills presented for. Kounin found that teachers who use effective instructional management keep their students focused on learning tasks and minimize behavior. According to Kounin, good classroom management depends on of the teacher moving the class from one instructional activity to the next.

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This technique allows the teacher to have an idea about those students who may cause an unwanted tangent and those who may have a good question, pertaining to utilise the time effectively. Another thing that can ruin smoothness is when a teacher does not have a plan or course of action, it can seem as though the lecture is jumping from one topic to the next.

This means that with-it-ness, overlapping, kounib, momentum, and managemnet focus all must meld together to form a coherent whole.

Theory of Instructional Management by Jacob Kounin

Move around the room and asking students to show you what they have done For students with special needs, group alerting can help to make the lesson more interesting to them.

In showing students the connections between one subject to the next, using previous vocabulary to prepare students for learning new vocabulary, a ijstructional will show overlapping.

Valuable instructional time is often wasted in the process of the teacher moving the class from one instructional activity to the next. Effective Classroom Managemeht Strategies: Overlapping is closely related to withitness, without one effectiveness would be reduced. Create your website today. We need your help to maintenance this website. The instrucitonal two terms he uses, “With-it-ness” and “Overlapping,” can be used for preventing the misbehavior of other students.

This takes a special ability to diffuse potentially distracting situations in which teachers need to bring students back to the task at hand. Be sure to include activities of various lengths and for a variety of ability levels.

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In Middle School, however, it usually becomes more necessary to make an example of a student who willingly breaks a rule so that other students know they will share the same fate managemenh they do so as well.

Before this happened, most educators viewed their role as a straight-forward passing on of skills and knowledge to their students. Instructionak this instance, students have to wait for their turn and, while waiting, might begin to talk and engage in other misbehaviours.

Lutz Baldwin-Whitehall School District.

Classroom Management Theorists and Theories/Jacob Kounin – Wikibooks, open books for an open world

Discipline and group management in classrooms. Shuffle the card frequently. From this observation, he concluded that there must be something a teacher could do to prevent misbehavior in the first place, which would lead to more effective classroom management.

For example, the teacher tells each member of group to do something individually that could be performed by the group as a whole. This can be done through exciting announcements, demonstrations, or by changing the atmosphere mangement learning. The teacher can then intervene or take the group to a different track if required. About project SlidePlayer Terms of Service.

Instrucitonal best-known work was done in the s, where he conducted two major case studies. Students need to know that the teacher is aware of what is going on in the classroom.


Ability to have steady instructoonal throughout a lesson. If teachers are able to demonstrate appropriate teaching behaviours, maintain appropriate instructional momentum, work toward group focus and plan a learning environment that is conducive to learning.

The relationship between effective management and effective teaching is maintained through withitness, overlapping, momentum, smoothness and group focus. Models, Applications, and cases 2nd ed. Often classroom misbehavior increases when a classroom moves from one task or activity to another. This can be as simple as making scanning looks around the room every once in awhile. Once they have finished a task they can turn to each other or they could pair up with those who are already done and compare answers.


The teacher is responsible for inhibiting poor behavior. Please help us to share our service with your friends. This site was designed with the. In other languages Add links.

Classroom Management Theorists and Theories/Jacob Kounin

Maintaining such momentum and having a steady sense of movement throughout the lesson helps engage the learners in activities and helps prevent student misbehavior.

These videos contain things you should avoid in dealing with student. This can also look like asking random questions, or asking a student a question and then looking around at other students to see if kpunin are thinking or ready to respond.

The final aspect that results in Lesson Movement and effective teaching through integrating management and learning is group focus. Many times, a teacher can get distracted and leave a topic open and not come back to it until later, which can be confusing to students.

This first observation led Kounin to conduct experiments over 5 years with students from all levels, but later Kounin changed his focus to seeing how teachers actually prepared or proactively managed their classrooms before behavior occurred. We are a non-profit group that run this website to share documents.

Download ppt “Jacob Kounin: This needs to be considered by teachers when planning. In a high school setting, a teacher needs to incorporate all of the aspects of Kounin’s philosophy in their teaching practice.

Overlapping is the ability for a teacher to in a word, multi-task.

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