Authors. Alasdair MacIntyre. University of Notre Dame. Follow. Abstract. This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for , given by Alasdair Maclntyre, a Scottish. the nature of a more sophisticated patriotism comes from Scottish philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre, in an essay titled “Is Patriotism a Virtue?”. Patriotism raises questions of the sort philosophers characteristically discuss: How is patriotism to be defined? How is it related to similar.
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There is also a view of patriotic duty that, in contrast to the consequentialist account, does not dissolve, but rather highlight this relationship. But a person whose love for her country was not expressed in any special concern for it would scarcely be considered a patriot.
But there is no single reason common to all or even most of them. To be sure, there is much overlap between country and nation, and virgue between patriotism and nationalism; thus much that applies to one will also apply to the other. The benefits one has received from her country might be considered relevant to the duty of patriotism in a different way: Of course, one could give an Patriptism response to this Aristotelian defense of patriotism: An Essay on Patriotism and NationalismOxford: Both patriotism and nationalism involve love of, identification with, and special concern for a certain entity.
As we have seen, our ends our determined by the type of beings we are.
As for the accusation of particularism: Some go further, and argue that patriotism is morally mandatory, or even that it is the core of morality. It is stupid because every patriot holds his own country to be the best of all whereas, obviously, only one country can qualify.
MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism
In Defence of Nationality. The duty of special concern for the well-being of viftue country and compatriots, just like other duties, universal and special, is justified by the good consequences of its adoption. But the objection is pertinent, and has considerable force, when brought up macinttyre the type of patriotism advocated by MacIntyre.
Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalismrev. The responsibility for the injustice or lack of basic human solidarity lies with those who make the decisions and those who implement them. The Ethics of GlobalizationNew Haven: Again, it depends on the reason for their law-abiding behavior and social cooperation generally. Freedom is only a certain sociopolitical situation that macinhyre might attain if we do not first go extinct.
Essays in Honor of E. This leads her to hide from herself the true source of some of the beliefs involved. There is considerable middle ground between these extremes.
After all they are not only your values, but lurk as unrealized potential in all mankind. Debating the Limits of PatriotismBoston: Andrew Vincent – – The Journal of Ethics 13 4: Routledge, in Association with the Open University. Virrue an adherent of this type of patriotism, it is virrtue enough that the country is her country.
Wait what does that even have to do with anything I wrote? Their cooperation enables us to enjoy the benefits of the enterprise, and fairness demands that we reciprocate. This is bad faith.
Alasdair MacIntyre, Is patriotism a virtue? – PhilPapers
Even if his communitarian conception of morality were correct and even if the process of moral development ensured that group loyalty would emerge as a central virtue, no conclusion would follow about the importance of patriotism.
Unlike informal cooperation among tenants in a building, for instance, cooperation on the scale of a country is regulated by a set of laws. This might not be a very satisfactory answer; we might agree with J. Citizenship has intrinsic value because in virtue of being a citizen a person is a member of a collective body in which they enjoy equal status with its other members and are thereby provided with recognition.
Finally, moderate patriotism is not uncritical, unconditional, or egocentric.
Igor Primorac – – Croatian Journal of Philosophy 4 1: It is not unbridled: That has led political theorists to look for alternatives. If so, this type of patriotism would seem to involve the rejection of such basic moral notions as universal justice and common human solidarity. But however egocentric, irrational, asinine, surely it qualifies as patriotism.
James Gafney – – In Igor Primoratz ed. If she were to deny that citizens generally have such an obligation, would that betray lack of understanding of what citizenship in the relevant sense is? New Society Publishers, 51—, — One standard example of virtke virtue is the type of concern for those in an extreme plight shown by the late Mother Theresa, or by Doctors Without Borders.
But there are important benefits we have received from our country; the argument is that we are bound to show gratitude for them, and that the appropriate way to do so is to show special macinhyre for the well-being of the country and compatriots. Enhanced bibliography for this entry at PhilPaperswith links to its database.
Another aspect of the Aristotelian ethics is that virtue lies in the middle. In the 19 th century, Russian novelist and thinker Leo Tolstoy found patriotism both stupid and immoral. Chess may have meant little mavintyre me until I started playing it: